平面P波入射下深埋圆形复合式衬砌隧道抗减震机理研究
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国家自然科学基金项目(51178398)


Mechanism of Resistance and Damping Technology in a Deep Circular Composite-lined Tunnel Subjected to Incident Plane P-waves
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    摘要:

    基于Fourier-Bessel级数展开法,研究深埋圆形三层复合式衬砌洞室在平面P波入射下的动应力集中问题,并给出三层衬砌洞室动应力集中系数级数解析解;依托某IX度地震区管道隧道实际工程,分析不同衬砌刚度组合和厚度组合对洞室动应力集中系数的影响。研究表明:注浆加固洞室围岩和设置减震层都可以降低二次衬砌动应力集中系数;增大围岩注浆区弹性模量和厚度,有利于减小衬砌动应力集中系数,最优围岩注浆区厚度为1倍洞室净空半径;减震层弹性模量降低,减震层厚度增大,二次衬砌动应力集中系数变小,减震层弹性模量宜低于围岩弹模1/20,最优减震层厚度宜取1/50的洞室内净空半径。最后针对实际管道隧道抗减震技术,考虑围岩稳定性,提出"围岩-加固圈-减震层-衬砌"新型减震结构,分析结果表明:对比其他三种抗减震措施,新型减震结构的减震效果最好。

    Abstract:

    Using the Fourier-Bessel series expansion method,the dynamic stress concentration factors of deeply-buried circular composite-lined cavities subjected to plane P-waves were studied,and a dynamic stress concentration factor series solution for the cavities was derived.By combination with an actual pipe tunnel project in the IX seismic intensity zone,the influence of different combinations of lining stiffness and thickness on the factor was analyzed.This analysis shows that the dynamic stress concentration factor of the second lining decreased after installation of a grouting reinforcement zone and buffer layers.As the elastic modulus and thickness of the grouting zone increased,the factor of the second lining reduced and the optimal thickness of the grouting zone was equal to the clearance radius of the cavity.The dynamic stress concentration factor of the second lining decreased with a lower elastic modulus and larger damping layer thickness.The elastic modulus of the buffer layers was estimated to be below 1/20 of that of the surrounding rock,and the optimal thickness of the damping layers estimated at 1/50 of the cavity clearance radius.Finally,this new damping structure of "surrounding rock-grouting zone-buffer layers-lining" is proposed for shock absorption of an actual pipeline tunnel.The results show that this new structure exhibits the best damping effect when compared with other measures.

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王帅帅,高波.平面P波入射下深埋圆形复合式衬砌隧道抗减震机理研究[J].地震工程学报,2016,38(2):159-165. WANG Shuai-shuai, GAO Bo. Mechanism of Resistance and Damping Technology in a Deep Circular Composite-lined Tunnel Subjected to Incident Plane P-waves[J]. China Earthquake Engineering Journal,2016,38(2):159-165.

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  • 收稿日期:2015-05-10
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  • 在线发布日期: 2016-05-20